کارگردانان

Orson Welles

Orson Welles

Actor, Citizen Kane

His father was a well-to-do inventor, his mother a beautiful concert pianist; Orson Welles was gifted in many arts (magic, piano, painting) as a child. When his mother died (he was seven) he traveled the world with his father. When his father died (he was fifteen) he became the ward of Chicago's Dr...

Alfred Hitchcock

 

 Alfred Hitchcock

Director, Psycho

He was born Alfred Joseph Hitchcock. His father was a green grocer called William Hitchcock (1862 - 1914); his mother was Emma Jane Whelan (1863 - 1942), and he had two older siblings,

Stanley Kubrick

Stanley Kubrick

Director, A Clockwork Orange

Stanley Kubrick was born in New York, and was considered intelligent despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would produce better academic performance, Kubrick's father Jack (a physician) sent him in 1940 to Pasadena, California, to stay with his uncle Martin Perveler. Returning to the Bronx in 1941 for his last year of grammar school...

Federico Fellini

Federico Fellini

Director, A Clockwork Orange

Stanley Kubrick was born in New York, and was considered intelligent despite poor grades at school. Hoping that a change of scenery would produce better academic performance, Kubrick's father Jack (a physician) sent him in 1940 to Pasadena, California, to stay with his uncle Martin Perveler. Returning to the Bronx in 1941 for his last year of grammar school...

John Ford

 

John Ford

Director, Der schwarze Falke

John Ford is, arguably, The Great American Director. When Orson Welles, who repeatedly screened Ford's Höllenfahrt nach Santa Fé as a crash course in filmmaking before helming his first film, Citizen Kane, was asked who his three favorite directors were, he answered, "John Ford, John Ford, and John Ford." Along with D.W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille...

Jean Renoir

Jean Renoir

Director, Die große Illusion

Son of the famous Impressionist painter Pierre Auguste, he had a happy childhood. Pierre Renoir was his brother, and Claude Renoir was his nephew. After the end of World War I, where he won the Croix de Guerre, he moved from scriptwriting to filmmaking. He married Catherine Hessling, for whom he began to make movies; he wanted to make a star of her...

Akira Kurosawa

Akira Kurosawa

Writer, Die Leibwache

After training as a painter (he storyboards his films as full-scale paintings), Kurosawa entered the film industry in 1936 as an assistant director, eventually making his directorial debut with Judo Saga - Die Legende vom großen Judo. Within a few years, Kurosawa had achieved sufficient stature to allow him greater creative freedom...

Francis Ford Coppola

Francis Ford Coppola

Producer, Der Pate 2

He was born in 1939 in Detroit, USA, but he grew up in a New York suburb in a creative, supportive Italian-American family. His father, Carmine Coppola, was a composer and musician. His mother, Italia Coppola, had been an actress. Francis Ford Coppola graduated with a degree in drama from Hofstra University...

 Ingmar Bergman

Writer, Das siebente Siegel

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born July fourteenth, 1918, the son of a priest. The film and T.V. series, Die besten Absichten is biographical and shows the early marriage of his parents. The film 'Söndagsbarn' depicts a bicycle journey with his father. In the miniseries Enskilda samtal is the trilogy closed. Here...

Jean-Luc Godard

Director, Die Geschichte der Nana S.

Jean-Luc Godard was born in Paris on December 3, 1930, the second of four children in a bourgeois Franco-Swiss family. His father was a doctor who owned a private clinic, and his mother came from a preeminent family of Swiss bankers. During World War II Godard became a naturalized citizen of Switzerland and attended school in Nyons (Switzerland)...

Charles Chaplin

Writer, Der große Diktator

Charlie Chaplin, considered to be one of the most pivotal stars of the early days of Hollywood, lived an interesting life both in his films and behind the camera. He is most recognized as an icon of the silent film era, often associated with his popular "Little Tramp" character; the man with the toothbrush mustache...

Billy Wilder

Writer, Manche mögen's heiß

Originally planning to become a lawyer, Billy Wilder abandoned that career in favor of working as a reporter for a Viennese newspaper, using this experience to move to Berlin, where he

Martin Scorsese

Director, GoodFellas - Drei Jahrzehnte in der Mafia

Martin Scorsese was born on November 17, 1942, in New York City, and was raised in the neighborhood of Little Italy, which later provided the inspiration for several of his films. Scorsese earned a B.S. degree in film communications in 1964, followed by an M.A. in the same field in 1966 at New York University's School of Film... 

Luis Buñuel

Writer, Viridiana

The father of cinematic Surrealism and one of the most original directors in the history of the film medium, Luis Buñuel was given a strict Jesuit education (which sowed the seeds of his obsession with both religion and subversive behavior), and subsequently moved to Madrid to study at the university there, where his close friends included Salvador Dalí and Federico García Lorca...

 

Carl Theodor Dreyer

Writer, Johanna von Orléans

The illegitimate son of a Swedish farmer and his housekeeper, Dreyer spent his early years in Danish foster homes before being adopted by a strict Lutheran family. He became a journalist in 1910, and entered films as a title writer, then scriptwriter and eventually director. His first film showed little promise or talent...

Sergei M. Eisenstein

Director, Panzerkreuzer Potemkin

The son of a affluent architect, Eisenstein attended the Institute of Civil Engineering in Petrograd as a young man. With the fall of the tsar in 1917, he worked as an engineer for the Red Army. In the following years, Eisenstein joined up with the Moscow Proletkult Theater as a set designer and then director...

 F.W. Murnau

Director, Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens

He studied art and literature history at the University of Heidelberg. During World War I, he was a combat pilot.

Yasujirô Ozu

Director, Die Reise nach Tokio

Tokyo-born Yasujiro Ozu was a movie buff from childhood, often playing hooky from school in order to see Hollywood movies in his local theater. In 1923 he landed a job as a camera assistant at Shochiku Studios in Tokyo. Three years later he was made an assistant director and directed his first film the next year...